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Eight Classical Pranayama

"When the breath wanders the mind is unsteady, but when the breath is calmed, the mind too will be still.” – Hatha Yoga Pradipika,

What is Pranayama

Pranayama is an ancient yogic practice that involves breath control techniques to enhance the flow of prana, or life force energy, in the body. This practice is an integral part of yoga and is often used as a tool to cultivate inner peace, balance the mind and body, and increase vitality.


The word Pranayama is derived from the Sanskrit words "prana," which means vital energy or life force, and "ayama," which means expansion. Therefore, Pranayama can be defined as the expansion of vital energy or life force through breathing techniques. The practice of Pranayama involves conscious regulation of the breath through various techniques like inhalation, exhalation, and retention.


The primary objective of Pranayama is to purify the body, mind, and soul. It helps to cleanse the respiratory system, increase lung capacity, improve oxygen circulation, and improve overall health and well-being. Additionally, Pranayama techniques can calm the mind, reduce stress and anxiety, and promote mental clarity and focus.


Eight Pranayama

The Eight Pranayama, are an integral part of traditional yoga practice. Pranayama is the practice of controlling the breath, which has been found to have numerous physical, mental, and spiritual benefits. Here are the eight classic breaths:

  1. Bhastrika Pranayama (Bellows Breath): This breath involves rapid, forceful inhales and exhales through the nose, with a focus on the abdominal muscles.

  2. Kapalbhati Pranayama (Skull-Shining Breath): This breath involves rapid, forceful exhales through the nose, with a passive inhale.

  3. Bahya Pranayama (External Breath): This breath involves exhaling completely and holding the breath out, while contracting the abdominal muscles and pulling them towards the spine.

  4. Anulom Vilom Pranayama (Alternate Nostril Breathing): This breath involves inhaling through one nostril and exhaling through the other, alternating between the two nostrils.

  5. Surya Bhedana Pranayama (Sun-Piercing Breath): This breath involves inhaling through the right nostril and exhaling through the left, with a focus on the solar plexus.

  6. Ujjayi Pranayama (Victorious Breath): This breath involves inhaling and exhaling through the nose, while constricting the back of the throat to create a "hissing" sound.

  7. Shitali Pranayama (Cooling Breath): This breath involves inhaling through the mouth, with the tongue curled and placed against the roof of the mouth, and exhaling through the nose.

  8. Sitkari Pranayama (Hissing Breath): This breath involves inhaling through the mouth, with the teeth clenched and the tongue touching the back of the teeth, and exhaling through the nose.

Each of these breaths has specific benefits, and can be practiced individually or in combination with other breaths. It's important to learn and practice pranayama under the guidance of a qualified yoga teacher, as some breaths may not be suitable for certain individuals or conditions. With regular practice of pranayama, individuals can experience greater physical, mental, and spiritual well-being.


Key benefits of Pranayama

Reducing stress and anxiety: Pranayama techniques help to calm the mind and reduce stress levels by regulating the breath and increasing oxygenation in the body.

  1. Boosting immunity: By increasing the flow of prana in the body, pranayama can help to boost the immune system and enhance overall health.

  2. Improving concentration: The practice of pranayama helps to increase focus, concentration, and mental clarity.

  3. Enhancing lung capacity: Pranayama techniques help to increase lung capacity, which can improve overall physical fitness and vitality.

  4. Balancing the nervous system: Pranayama techniques can help to balance the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, leading to a more balanced and harmonious state of being.

Tool For Transformation

Pranayama is an essential aspect of yoga practice and can be a powerful tool for transformation. Here are some ways that pranayama can support transformation:

  1. Calming the mind: Focusing on the breath can help quiet the mind and reduce feelings of stress and anxiety. By controlling the pace and depth of our breath, we can slow down our thoughts and create a sense of calm within ourselves.

  2. Increasing energy: Breathing techniques, such as kapalabhati or bhastrika pranayama, can help energize the body and increase feelings of vitality. By bringing more oxygen into the body through controlled breathing, we can improve circulation and feel more alert and awake.

  3. Enhancing concentration: Focusing on the breath can help improve concentration and mental clarity. By directing our attention to the sensation of the breath moving in and out of the body, we can train our minds to stay focused on the present moment.

  4. Releasing tension: Breathing fully can help release tension in the body and promote relaxation. By consciously relaxing the muscles and allowing the breath to flow smoothly, we can release physical and emotional tension and create a sense of ease.

Incorporating pranayama into a regular yoga practice can be a powerful way to support transformation and personal growth. By learning to expand our breath, we can harness the power of our breath to improve our physical, mental, and emotional well-being, and ultimately transform ourselves from the inside out.

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